Effects of pre and post-operative information program on quality of life and anxiety of patients undergoing open heart surgery, Chiangrai Prachanukroh Hospital
Keywords:pre and post-operative information program, open heart surgery, Quality of Life, anxiety
This quasi-experimental study, one group with pretest and posttest design, aimed to compare the quality of life and anxiety levels of patients undergoing open heart surgery who received a pre and post-operative information program. Participants were 35 patients undergoing open heart surgery at Chiangrai Prachanukroh Hospital who met the eligibility criteria. Research instruments were the World Health Organization-BREF -THAI and the Thai Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale with 0.74 and 0.70 Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, respectively. The quality of life and anxiety were measured at baseline and at 1 month after the surgery. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon signed-ranks test.
Results revealed that 29 of 35 participants completed the study protocol. After the study completion, the participants had significantly higher score on quality of life (Mean = 96.10, S.D. = 3.38) compared with baseline score (Mean= 92.86, S.D. = 3.20) (Z= -4.311, p< .001). Whereas, there was no significant difference between anxiety levels between before (Mean= 7.34, SD = 1.67) and after (Mean= 7.03, SD = 1.38) the study (Z = -1.482).
Providing pre and post-operative information is one of nursing interventions that should be implemented for all open-heart surgery patients so that they would have better quality of life.
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