Predictive factors in quality of recovery among patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Keywords:quality of recovery, cardiac surgery, coronary artery bypass graft surgery
The purposes of this predictive research were to study quality of recovery and to examine the predictability of predicting factors. Data were collected from 116 patients with coronary artery bypass graft surgery were recruited from a purposive selection in the cardiac clinic at the Ramathibodi hospital. The research instruments were composed of demographic information, comorbidity, mood state, social support, and the postoperative recovery profile (PRP) questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and stepwise multiple regression statistics.
Findings indicated that the mean score of the quality of recovery in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery patients was almost complete recovery (Mean = 15.43, SD = 0.75). Social support and ejection fraction were positively related to quality of recovery in patients with CABG at the level of .05 (r = .632 and r = .600 respectively) and comorbidity, ages, and mood state were negatively related to quality of recovery in patients with CABG at the level of .05 (r = -.570, r = -.518, r = -.338 respectively). In addition, social support, comorbidity, ejection fraction, ages, and mood were good predictors with 64.6% of total variances explained for quality of recovery in patients with CABG.
The results can be used as a guide to nursing care for patients with coronary artery bypass graft by focusing on the involvement of family members and multidisciplinary medical teams to promote postoperative recovery of CABG more effectively and efficiently.
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