Factors predicting health literacy among older adults with chronic diseases in community
Keywords:health literacy, older adults, chronic diseases, community
This predictive research aimed to analyze the factors predicting health literacy among older adults with chronic diseases in the community. The purposive sampling included a total of 161 older adults with chronic diseases in the community in one subdistrict health-promoting hospital. Data were collected using Health Literacy among Older Adults Scale, The Family APGAR Questionnaire, and Health Information Seeking Behaviors through Online Media Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
The findings revealed that education level was significantly negatively related to health literacy (r = -0.261, p < 0.001). Satisfaction with family support and health information-seeking behaviors through online media scores were significantly negatively related to health literacy (r = 0.234, p < 0.001 and r = 0.163, p < 0.05 respectively). Education level, satisfaction with family support scores, and health information-seeking behaviors through online media scores were significant predictors of health literacy and could explain 15.4% (R2 = 0.154, p < 0.001) of the variance in health literacy in older adults with chronic diseases in the community.
Community health nurses and health care teams should encourage literacy for older adults, empower family members' participation in older adults’ care, and promote health information-seeking behaviors through online media in older adults with sufficient levels of health literacy.
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