Concepts and Essential Competencies of Nurses for Disaster Preparedness

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charunyakorn viriya
Suwanna Junprasert


At present, disaster is still increasing with dramatic impact. The impact of disaster can cause detrimentally side effect such as mortality and huge destruction. Therefore, the disaster preparedness and response are the major top concerned that have been discussed in many countries and also becoming more important issue on the international agenda. Nurse is the largest group of healthcare providers in Thai’s health system who play the crucial role in each stage when the disaster strikes. Therefore, the fundamental disaster competencies are important for nursing effective care delivery during the disaster situations. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) developed the ICN framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies in which consist of four main aspects; mitigation/prevention competencies, preparedness competencies, response competencies, and recovery/rehabilitation competencies. Nurses are the one that respond the importance role when the disaster beat. As the consequence, nurses should be promoted and prepared to obtain the qualification and ready for preparedness and response of the disaster which is achievement of the standard in both of nation and international level.

This literature interview exhaustively present the key concepts and the core competencies needed of disaster nursing. Additionally, it can be used as a guideline for initiating effective and systematic disaster nursing management, competency development and disaster nursing management skills.




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