Factors Influencing Oral Health Care Behaviors According to Students’ Knowledge and Self - efficacy in Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Chonburi Province

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Rungpesh Bunthose
Piandao Khamneungsitti
Sarintha Supaporn
Yuwanda Sappipattana
Suphak Wongworasun

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oral health is extremely important to the overall health and well - being of people in all ages. Students in all public health courses must have knowledge, abilities and also behave as a role model in health. However, the study showed that students in Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Chonburi had a belief in oral health care and oral disease prevention behaviors at the moderate level only.


OBJECTIVES: To study the factors influencing the oral health care behaviors of students in Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Chonburi Province.


METHODS: Samples were 204 students recruited by proportional stratified random sampling. Research tool was a self - completion questionnaire constructed by the researchers including personal factors, knowledge about oral health care, self - efficacy, and oral health care behaviors. The questionnaire had been approved by the specialists then went through the reliability test which the overall was 0.96, whereas the reliability of knowledge about oral health care, self - efficacy, and oral health care behaviors were 0.97, 0.95 and 0.96 respectively. Furthermore, the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (KR - 20) of knowledge about oral health care was 0.97. Data were collected by the researchers then analyzed with a computer software package. Descriptive statistics used were frequency, percent, mean, and standard deviation. Inferential statistics were used to investigate the influencing factors by stepwise multiple linear regression analysis. 


RESULTS: Most students had a high level of knowledge about oral health care behaviors overall. Their self - efficacy overall and oral health care behaviors were at a good level. Self-efficacy perception towards oral health care could influence the students' oral health care behaviors at 40.1%.  


CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to focus on developing all students in every course with knowledge and self - efficacy in the moderate and low levels to encourage good oral health care habits and being a good model of public health personnel in providing suitable oral health care for people.

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นิพนธ์ต้นฉบับ (Original article)

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