Development Model of Fall Prevention among Elderly People in Khon Kaen Province

Main Article Content

Rungtong Vacharanukulkieti
Wanakorn Tabandu
Nittaya Termkaew


BACKGROUND: The elderly are at a significantly increased risk of falls, and there is currently no clear model for preventing falls among the elderly.

OBJECTIVES: 1) To study the situation of falls among the elderly, and 2) to develop and study the effectiveness of fall prevention models for the elderly.

METHODS: This study used a research and development (R&D) approach in 4 phases. Phase 1 involved studying the situation of falls among 330 elderly by randomly selected, while Phase 2 created fall prevention models for the elderly. Phase 3 investigated and developed the fall prevention models among the elderly, and Phase 4 involved experimentation and evaluation using both experimental and control groups, with each comprising 30 individuals. The research tools used in the study included 1) a questionnaire concerning the factors related to falls among the elderly, 2) a focus group discussion guide, 3) self-assessment of the ability to perform daily activities, 4) a mini-mental state examination –Thai version, 5) a Thai falls risk assessment test (Thai-FRAT) developed for community-dwelling Thai elderly, and 6) a questionnaire concerning the perceptions and fall prevention behaviors of the elderly.

RESULTS: The fall prevention model for the elderly consists of 1) analyzing the problem jointly, 2) promoting health literacy regarding falls among the elderly, 3) organizing health promotion activities within elderly clubs, and 4) supporting budgets and resources for fall prevention among the elderly. It was found that the overall perceived risk of falls and prevention behaviors among the elderly in the experimental group had significantly higher average scores than the control group (p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: The study results indicate that the process of developing a fall prevention model for the elderly is advantageous and can effectively enhance fall prevention among the elderly.

Article Details

Original Article


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