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Domestic violence (DV), now a national health concern, has pervasive effects at both individual and social levels. Domestic violence is one of the most the most prevalent causes of injury in women. The impact of DV on society is very extreme. In the respect of medical expenses, after controlling other factors, medical cost of a woman with physical or sexual violence is 2.5 times higher than that without the violence. So awareness of this problem including early detection, giving the proper management and concern for the prevention can help the victims from more severity, frequency or serious adverse to health and potentially life threatening consequence they will face in the future.
Screening for domestic violence in the health care setting has been recommended routinely in the practice by some professional organization for the early detection and management. Health care professionals can play a major role to assist abused victim. Identification of the cases is the first aspect of care. So many screening strategies and tools have been developed including the complete history, physical examination and the screening questionnaire for this purpose. Professional staff should become familiar and proficient with these screening tools.
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