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Objective: To assess the prevalence of enuresis in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to compare behavioral problems in ADHD children with and without enuresis.
Method: The sample group was 136 ADHD children aged between 6-11 years who were on treatment at Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic of Ramathibodi Hospital. Data collection from children’s parents was done by using two types of questionnaire; Enuresis-Screening Questionnaire and The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).
Results: From a sample group of 136 ADHD children, approximately 20.59% of the group had enuresis after the age of 5 years. Only 11.03% of sample group had nocturnal enuresis that followed the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria. In the characteristic comparison between ADHD children with and without Enuresis, there were indifferences in gender, parents’ educational level, income as well as no correlation with history of enuresis in parents. SDQ showed that conduct problem scores in ADHD children with enuresis were significantly higher than the scores of the group without enuresis. However, there was no difference of strength scores between the two groups.
Conclusion: ADHD children with enuresis had a greater correlation with conduct problem than ADHD children with enuresis. It’s highly essential that child and adolescent psychiatrists promptly detect problems and give a proper treatment since the early stage in order to mitigate effects on patients and families.
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