Main Article Content
Background: Contraceptive methods have still been the sensitive topic in some Asia countries, including Vietnam. Improvement knowledge and attitude towards contraceptive methods would lead to better prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease as well as contributes to advance quality of life of young people even nursing students.
Objectives: To investigate knowledge and attitudes towards contraceptive methods, and identified the association between social demographic characteristics, attitudes, and knowledge towards contraception among first-year nursing students.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted on 170 first-year nursing students, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Vietnam. Participants were selected according to the convenient sampling method. Data were collected from March to April 2021 through the questionnaire that consists of 2 parts including the sociodemographic characteristics and the set of questionnaires that assessed the participants’ knowledge and attitudes about contraceptive methods. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test, Fisher exact test, and Spearman correlation test.
Results: Of 170 first-year nursing students, mean (SD) of contraceptive methods knowledge was 45.2 (8.5) (range, 25 - 62), illustrating a medium level. Attitude regarding contraceptive methods among first-year nursing students was negative (mean, 82.6; range, 49 - 95). The finding demonstrated a weakly positive correlation between attitude and knowledge (P < .05). There was no significant association between social demographics and knowledge (P > .05).
Conclusions: Knowledge and attitude towards contraceptive methods of first-year nursing students should be improved. Improvement knowledge and attitude contraception through education should be necessary for students.
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