Physical Therapy Management in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

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Malisa Meesawang
Rattaya Namprasert


Parkinson's is a degenerative disease of the nervous system. The prevalence of Parkinson 's disease in Thailand was 242.57 per 100,000 populations in 2008-2011.Prevalence increased with age figures were 1.0 % for those aged over 60 years. The symptoms usually emerge slowly and, as the disease worsens, non-motor symptoms become more common. The most obvious early symptoms are resting tremor, rigidity, postural instability, slowness of movement and difficulty with walking Other symptom include sensory, impaired cognition, depression, sleep disorders, easily weakened, excretory system disorders and mental disorders.
Physical exercise to maintaining walking, balance and improve many PD symptom. These benefits are supported by research. The Parkinson’s outcomes Project shows that people with PD who start exercising earlier and a minimum of 2.5 hours a week, experience a slowed decline in quality of life compared to those who start later. Physical Exercise for Parkinson’s disease can be divided into 3 types: 1. resistance to exercise, 2. Increase endurance without resistance, 3. Increase stability. Recent research suggests that physical therapy including gait and balance training, resistance training and regular exercise may help improve or hold the symptoms of PD at bay. Physical therapy treatment should be administered during the peak effective time of each individual medication.

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Meesawang M, Namprasert R. Physical Therapy Management in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease . Siriraj Med Bull [Internet]. 2021 Jan. 4 [cited 2024 Jul. 12];14(1):30-4. Available from:
Review Article


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