Nursing Care for Patient with Severe Acute Pancreatitis

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Wanna Supawachirakul
Surat Thongyoo


         Severe Acute Pancreatitis (SAP) is a critical and serious condition in gastrointestinal system. The disease can affect various organ systems, lead to organs failure and increase mortality rate, especially if a lack of appropriate treatment and immediate responses occurs. The failure of the circulatory system leads to ineffective tissue perfusion, organ failure, and death The critical illness condition may cause anxiety for the patients and family members. This article aims to present holistic nursing guideline for the severe acute pancreatitis patients and patients’ family in term of management on awareness and monitoring of patient's condition. The guideline includes assessment and monitor of fluid resuscitation, level of consciousness, respiratory distress, prognosis of disease, and management of pain and intra-abdominal pressure. The nursing goals are to provide patients with adequate tissue perfusion to prevent organ failure, or facilitate recovery of organ failure, as well as prevent further complications to reduce mortality rate, and improve the quality of life of the patients.


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Supawachirakul W, Thongyoo S. Nursing Care for Patient with Severe Acute Pancreatitis. Siriraj Med Bull [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 1 [cited 2023 Dec. 3];15(1):31-7. Available from:
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