Needs Assessment of Health Literacy and Behavior Promotion in Elderly People with Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Bueng Yitho Medical and Rehabilitation Center, Pathumthani Province

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Orathai Rungvachira
Wilailak Langka
Rungtiwa Yamrung
Sunee Lagampan

Abstract

This descriptive research was aimed to assess and prioritize the needs of health literacy and behavior promotion for elderly people with chronic non-communicable diseases. The sample consisted of 137 elderly people between the ages of 60-69 years with high blood pressure and diabetes, who were treated in Bueng Yitho Medical and Rehabilitation Center. The sample size was calculated from the Yamane formula. The research instrument was a five-level scale questionnaire with a dual-response format and a checklist with open-ended comments. The data were analyzed by using the modified priority needs index (PNI Modified) to prioritize the needs from a high to low score. The results found that, in the dimension for developing the skill of health literacy, the sample had similar needs in four areas including information accessibility, understanding, appraisal, and applicability, with PNIModified at .55, .57, .58, and .34, respectively. In the dimension that affects health, the needs of screening and selection of health products were the top priority (PNIModified=.68). Regarding the needs in health behaviors promotion, healthy food needs were the top priority (PNIModified=.57). Therefore, health workers should use the prioritization of needs assessment for planning activities to promote health literacy and health behaviors to meet the real needs of elderly people with chronic non-communicable diseases.

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How to Cite
1.
Rungvachira O, Langka W, Yamrung R, Lagampan S. Needs Assessment of Health Literacy and Behavior Promotion in Elderly People with Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Bueng Yitho Medical and Rehabilitation Center, Pathumthani Province. NJPH (วารสาร พ.ส.) [Internet]. 2021 Aug. 5 [cited 2022 Nov. 28];31(2):54-67. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnaph/article/view/252567
Section
บทความวิจัย

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