Health Status, Depression, and Quality of life among the Older Person in Ban -Thammapakorn, Nakhon Ratchasima Province
This descriptive cross-sectional study aimed to assess the health status, depression and quality of life among older persons in Ban-Thammapakorn, Nakhornratchasima. The sample of this study consisted of 149 senior citizens. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire including demographic data, Health Status Questionnaire, Thai Geriatric Depression Scale and Quality of Life by the Shot Form (SF 36 V.02). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis test.
The results revealed that the elderly had common diseases and illnesses included hypertension 42.95%, cataract 17.44%, arthritis15.43%, diabetes14.09%, dementia 11.40%, peptic ulcer 6.71%, glaucoma 6.04%, heart disease 5.0%, Parkinson 4.69. Depression among the elderly was at the moderate level at 49.37% and severe level at 50%. There was significant difference between the depression score of the older adults at the two settings. (p<0.05) The average scores of quality of life were satisfaction in physical health by perceiving health status at 52.46% and mental health at 52.93%. On the other hand, the lowest score of satisfaction was in role — emotional and vitality.
The suggestions from this study are the study of psychological problems especially depression in the elderly for developing the quality of life among the elderly in elderly care homes.
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