Effect of Preparatory Information on Anxiety Among Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiograms at Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital
Keywords:coronary angiogram, anxiety, preparatory information
This quasi-experimental design aimed to study the effect of preparatory information on anxiety among patients undergoing coronary angiograms at Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital. Sampling based on the inclusion criteria was used and samples were divided into an experimental group and a control group with 20 persons each. The experimental group received preparatory information based on concepts developed by Leventhal and Johnson. The control group received information based on usual care. Research instruments included a Demographic Questionnaire, a Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scale before and after the intervention, a structured information program based on the Leventhal and Johnson conceptual framework by individuals educated through multimedia and QR-code Self-review via smartphone while in hospital. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, dependent and independent t-test statistics. The results of this study showed that the mean score of anxiety in the experimental group after receiving preparatory information on anxiety was significantly lower than that before receiving preparatory information on anxiety (P < .001). The mean score of anxiety for the experimental group was statistically lower than that the control group after receiving preparatory information on anxiety (P < .05).
In conclusion, preparatory information effectively reduces anxiety in patients lower than those receiving information from usual care. Therefore, preparatory information should be applied to prepare patients to reduce anxiety and promote protocol adherence.
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