The Prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Among Elderly People in Samphraeng Community, Phra Nakhon District, Bangkok
Keywords:mild cognitive impairment, dementia, risk factors, elderly people
This descriptive research aimed to study the prevalence and risk factors associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a high-risk condition for dementia. The sample consisted of 70 elderly people. Data was collected by questionnaires, namely the Activities of Daily Living scale (ADL), Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS-15), Thai Mental State Examination (TMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Montreal Cognitive Assessment - Basic (MoCA-B). Descriptive statistics, which were used to study the prevalence. The Chi-Square Test and Fisher's Exact Test were used to study the risk factors associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
The results revealed that the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in elderly people was 47.1%. The significant risk factors associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were age, marital status, years of education, hypertension, and the use of drugs to control blood pressure.
The results of this research suggest the importance of screening for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in elderly people, which should be studied in more diverse and comprehensive groups. In addition, health care should be promoted, especially risk factors affecting the brain, to maintain or restore cognition and to mitigate the incidence of dementia.
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