Health Literacy and Factors Related to Preventive and Control Behaviors of COVID-19 Among Pregnant Women in the New Normal Era in a Secondary Hospital, Khon Kaen


  • Nittaya Panngam Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University
  • Khanitta Nuntaboot Department of Family and Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University
  • Nopparat Senahad Department of Public Health Administration, Health Promotion and Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University
  • Ratdawan Klungklang Department of Family Community and Primary Medical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Khon Kaen, Praboromarajchanok Institute


health literacy, COVID-19 prevention and control behaviors, pregnant women, COVID-19 disease


This cross-sectional analytical study aims to study the level of health literacy, preventive and control behaviors of COVID-19, and factor related to preventive and control behaviors related to COVID-19. A total of 324 pregnant women who visited an antenatal care unit in a secondary hospital in Khon Kaen were selected by the multi-stage sampling method. Questionnaires were used to collect data. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and correlation was analyzed by applying multiple logistic regression.

The overall health literacy of most of pregnant women was at a high level 46.09% (gif.latex?\bar{X} = 81.51,   SD = 13.73). The preventive and control behaviors related to COVID-19 were at a good level 74.22  (gif.latex?\bar{X}= 42.29, SD = 5.39). The high level of accessibility of information and healthcare services and the high level of self-management were statistically significant correlated to preventive and control behaviors for COVID-19 compared to the low and moderate level at 2.32 times and 5.57 times, respectively (p < .05).

Therefore, health literacy skills should be promoted for pregnant women to enhance the appropriate preventive and control behaviors for COVID-19 and promoting self-care behavior skills to prevent complications and harm among maternal and fetal health.


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