Selected Factors Related to Caregivers’ Ability to Provide Care for the Safety of Preschool Children


  • Wassana Rungchutiphopan Lecturer in Pediatric Nursing, Boromarajonani College of Nursing Sawanpracharak Nakornsawan, Nakornsawan Province
  • Wansiri Nilnate Lecturer in Pediatric Nursing , Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University
  • Ansuree Sirisophon Lecturer in Community Nurse Practitioner, Boromarajonani College of Nursing Sawanpracharak Nakornsawan, Nakornsawan Province
  • Lamai Niramittawin Nong Pling Sub District Health Promoting Hospital, Nakornsawan Province


caregiver, health literacy , social support, safety, Preschool Children


This research aimed to investigate the relationship between health literacy, social support, and caregivers’ ability to provide care and ensure safety for preschool children. The sample consisted of 189 caregivers of preschool children recruited through purposive sampling. Data were collected using questionnaires that assessed health literacy, social support, and caregivers’ ability to provide care and safety for preschool children. The instruments were validated using three experts, and the content validity index was 1. The reliability of the questionnaires was tested, yielding values of 0.88, 0.90, and 0.91, respectively. Pearson's Product Moment Correlation was used to measure the relationship between these variables.

The research findings revealed that: 1) caregivers’ ability to provide care and safety was at a high level (M = 4.32, S.D. = 0.75) and 2)  health literacy and social support, were related to caregivers’ ability to provide care and safety for preschool children with statistical significance at the .01 level (r = .87 and .76, respectively).

In summary, caregivers of preschool children should be encouraged to develop health literacy and social support, enabling them to provide care and ensure safety for preschool children.


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บทความวิจัย (Research Report)