Factors Predicting Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Prevention and Control Behavior among People in Ban-Thakwai Health Promoting Hospital, Khaochaison District, Phatthalung Province
Keywords:Behavior, prevention and control, dengue hemorrhagic fever
The purposes of this descriptive study were to investigate level of dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention and control behavior and factors affecting dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention and control behavior. Totally, 749 population households were residing in Banthakwai-subdistrict, Khaochaison district, Phatthalung
province. Of these, 228 samples were determined by estimation of the definite population mean. The questionnaire was used to collected the data. The content validity was checked by three experts. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of behavior, knowledge, attitude, health belief, enabling factors and
and 0.78, respectively. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. Results
revealed that dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention and control behavior was rated at high level (52.20%, X = 3.03, SD. = 0.87). It found that risk perception (Mean Diff. = 0.67, 95%CI: 0.17 to 1.06), enabling factor (1.52, 95%CI: 1.14 to 1.90) and reinforcing factor (1.11, 95%CI: 0.75 to 1.47) were positively associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention and control behavior. However, occupation (-0.88, 95%CI: -1.59 to -0.16) was negatively associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention and control behavior. Result suggested that measures of dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention and control behavior should be promoted by increasing risk perception of dengue hemorrhagic fever, including, enabling factor and reinforcing factors in dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention and control.
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