Knowledge, Health Belief and Behavior of Salt Consumption among People in Nakhon Sri Thammarat Province
Keywords:Knowledge, health belief, behavior, salt consumption
The purposive of this survey study aimed to investigate knowledge, health belief model and behavior of salt consumption among people in Nakon Sri Thammarat province. Of these, 505 samples were accidentally selected and enrolled in the study who had aged more than 15 years and resided in 5 districts of Nakon Sri Thammarat province from 5 districts had the highest morbidity rate. The data was collected using questionnaires during November and December, 2019. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that knowledge of salt consumption among people was rated at moderated level (78.02%). The perception of risk was rated at moderate level (49.50%). The severity of perception was rated at high level (63.76%). The benefit of perception was rated at high level (48.32%). The threat of perception was rated at moderate level (64.75%). The cue to action of reducing salt consumption was rated at moderated level (56.04%). The behavior of salt consumption was rated at moderate level (69.90%). Result suggested that health professionals should promote and provide knowledge of reducing salt consumption, promote the positive attitude of salt consumption and modify an appropriate health behavior such as adding seasoning in food. In addition, the activities of reducing salt consumption should be launched and expended in other areas of the province.
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