Health Literacy and COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors among the Working-Age Population in Nakhon Ratchasima Province
Keywords:Health literacy, COVID-19 preventive behaviors, Working-age population
Coronavirus disease 2019 is an emerging disease. At present, this disease has been spreading out all over the world, including in Thailand. It caused morbidity and mortality among large populations. For that reason, health literacy and COVID-19 preventive behaviors are crucial tasks. This cross-sectional study aimed at investigating association of health literacy with COVID-19 preventive behaviors among the 585 working-age population in Nakhon Ratchasima Province using multi-stage sampling. The questionnaire’s manipulation collected data. The inferential statistics were analyzed using multiple logistic regression and were presented with the correlation sizes shown as an adjusted odds ratio and 95%CI. The results revealed that the Nakhon Ratchasima Province's working-age population had an overall health literacy at insufficient level of 31.62%, a COVID-19 preventive behaviors moderate level of 54.70%, and the factors associated with a high level of COVID-19 preventive behaviors were statistically significant (p <.05): composed accessibility skills (ORadj. = 2.06, 95%CI: 1.34-3.56), decision skills (ORadj. = 1.69, 95%CI: 1.20-2.87), and applied skills (ORadj. = 2.48, 95%CI: 1.66-3.94). As a result, the related public health agencies should recognize the significance of promoting health literacy, especially accessibility skills, decision skills, and applied skills in conjunction with social distancing and reducing exposure to high-risk areas to prevent disease and reduce morbidity and mortality rates.
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