Elderly Care Model by Community Participation in a Multicultural Society in Yupo Sub-district Municipality, Muang District, Yala Province

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Sunee Kraonual
Anongpat Prasitpattaravej
Anong Phibal
Armeenoh Matha
Rotcharee Khlaichim
Wanwisa Chanasit
Jumlong Kraonual


This quantitative and qualitative research aims to study the care for and needs of the elderly and the elderly care model through community participation in a multicultural society. The data from the quantitative method was proportionally collected from 286 elderly from each random village. The research instrument was validated by 3 experts. The index of item-objective congruence ranged from 0.67 to 1.00. The qualitative data was obtained from in-depth interviews with key informants, consisting of local leaders and the director of Health Promoting Hospital, including group conversations with a group of the elderly club and the elderly members of the elderly school, and a group of public health volunteers and volunteers. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and content analysis. Two main findings are found in this study. The first is that the elderly receive a high level of care in terms of safe and appropriate residence, mental care from their descendants, and respect from their families. In terms of needs, they need annual health checkups, care from their descendant, monthly financial support, and a happy and hopeful life in the later stages of life. The second finding is that the elderly care model through community participation in a multicultural society mainly involves four groups: 1) the volunteer groups who take care of the elderly; 2) the elderly club and the elderly school; 3) local authorities; and 4) local communities that take care of each other.

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How to Cite
Kraonual S, Prasitpattaravej A, Phibal A, Matha A, Khlaichim R, Chanasit W, Kraonual J. Elderly Care Model by Community Participation in a Multicultural Society in Yupo Sub-district Municipality, Muang District, Yala Province. Health Sci J Thai [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 10 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];6(2):24-32. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/HSJT/article/view/263159
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