Adaptation in Older Persons with Visual Impairment

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Nutsuda Sangboon
Mukda Detprapon
Supreeda Monkong


This descriptive research aimed at investigating adaptation in older persons with visual impairment. Roy’s adaptation model was used as a conceptual framework in physiological mode, self-concept mode, role function mode and interdependence mode. The subjects of the study were 50 people aged 80 years and above and were purposively sampled by inclusion criteria. Data collection was done using two instruments including an individual information questionnaire and semi -structure interview about adaptation in older persons with visual impairment, and were analysed using descriptive statistics and content analysis. The study results revealed that 48 participants with visual impairment had low vision. The target population had 4 adaptation modes, the physiological mode; they could provide self care themselves but found difficulties in activities of daily living (ADLs) and in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). In the self - concept mode; which included, changing the way of thinking, stimuli, accepting the truth, and their perception of the KARMA. Considering the role function mode, the results indicated that the participants could take care of themselves and their family, however they also depended on the caregiver for some activities. Finding on the interdependence mode, showed that older persons had good relationships with their family, love, respect, values and care. This study provided important information for promoting adaptation in visual impaired participant depending on their individual ability to promote adaptation in the society appropriately and according to the potential of each older persons. This could also be used in planning and policy making for development and promotion services for visually impaired people in public health services.


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Sangboon N, Detprapon M, Monkong S. Adaptation in Older Persons with Visual Impairment. Rama Nurs J [Internet]. 2019 Apr. 17 [cited 2022 Oct. 1];25(1):29-42. Available from:


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