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This study aimed to compare the knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and perceived self-efficacy in cardiopulmonary resuscitation among nursing students before and after attending a cardiopulmonary resuscitation training program, and to evaluate their chest compression performance after the training. The sample included 180 fourth-year nursing students. The instruments consisted of the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Program, the Knowledge of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Questionnaire, the Perceived Self-efficacy in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Questionnaire, and a manikin with skill reporters. Descriptive statistics and paired sample t-test were used in data analysis. The results revealed that knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and perceived self-efficacy in cardiopulmonary resuscitation of the students after the training significantly increased from the baseline. The percent correct scores of chest compression performance as recommended by the 2015 American Heart Association guidelines were 72.22% of correct hand placement, 90% of adequate depth, 7.22% of an adequate rate of compression, and 77.78% of full chest recoil. Therefore, the cardiopulmonary resuscitation training program should be initially established for nursing students before starting clinical practice to achieve better basic life support knowledge, perceived self-efficacy in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and chest compression performance, especially the appropriate of chest compression rate based on the guidelines.
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