Nutritional knowledge, attitude toward food, food consumption behavior, and nutritional status in semi-rural community, Ubon Ratchathani province

Main Article Content

Amornrat Natason
Noppawan Piaseu
Pailin Pinthong

Abstract

Abstract:
This survey research aimed to describe nutritional knowledge, attitude toward food, food consumption behavior and nutritional status, and to examine the associations between these factors among community dwellers. The sample included 200 community dwellers living in Warin Chamrap District, Ubon Ratchathani Province. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires and nutritional assessment. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman,s correlation coefficient. Results revealed that average scores as calculated by mean percent for nutritional knowledge, attitude toward food, and food consumption behavior were 59.16%, 66.83%, and 62.77%, respectively. The sample had less mean score percentage of nutritional knowledge, attitude toward food, and food consumption behavior, particularly for dietary fat intake, as compared to other food intakes. Regarding nutritional status, 43 % of the sample had normal body mass index (BMI), while, 22.50%, 13 %, and 7.50% of them were overweight, obesity, and underweight, respectively. However, the average of BMI (22.18±2.76 kg/m2) and waist circumference (78.01±7.86 cm.) were normal. The majority of the sample (81.50%) had abnormal waist hip ratio with average of 0.87±.05. Significant negative correlations were found between food consumption behavior and BMI. Age had a positively significant correlation with food consumption behavior. Education level had a positively significant relation to nutritional knowledge and family income. Results in this study should be used as information for developing a nutritional health promotion program related to nutrition knowledge, and promoting appropriate food consumption behaviors to improve nutritional status of this population.
Keywords: Nutritional knowledge, Attitude toward food, Food consumption behavior, Nutritional status, Semi rural community

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How to Cite
1.
Natason A, Piaseu N, Pinthong P. Nutritional knowledge, attitude toward food, food consumption behavior, and nutritional status in semi-rural community, Ubon Ratchathani province. Rama Nurs J [Internet]. 2018Feb.19 [cited 2020Feb.19];23(3):344-57. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/RNJ/article/view/74954
Section
บทความวิจัย
Author Biographies

Amornrat Natason, Ubon Ratchathani University

Adult nursing

Noppawan Piaseu, Ramathibodi School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University

Ph.D (Nursing), APN/NP

Pailin Pinthong, Ubon Ratchathani University

Adult nursing

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