Factors Related to Eating Behavior after Cholecystectomy among Patients with Cholecystitis

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Nalinee Cheryklinput
Niphawan Samartkit
Khemaradee Masingboon

Abstract

The purpose of this descriptive correlational research design aimed to analyze the relationships among age, gender, post cholecystecyomy syndromes, illness perceptions, knowledge about specific food disease, and eating behavior after cholecystectomy in patients with cholecystitis. Meleis’s Theory of Transition was used as the conceptual framework. Eighty-two patients with cholecystitis undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy or open cholecystectomy were recruited by inclusion criteria from the surgery department of two tertiary hospitals in Chonburi Province during July to December, 2016. The Demographic Questionnaire, the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R), the Post cholecystectomy Syndrome Questionnaire, the Eating Behavior after Cholecystectomy Questionnaire and the Knowledge about Specific Food Disease Questionnaire were used for data collection.Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Point-biserial correlation coefficient, and Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient. The result showed 75.63% were females with the average age of 42.79 years (SD = 12.43). The sample showed that 76.83% of patients with cholecystectomy had postcholecystectomy syndrome, mild level of postcholecystectomy syndrome, moderate level of illness perception, high level of knowledge about specific food disease, and had high level of eating behavior after cholecystectomy. This study showed that female has better eating behavior after cholecystecyomy than male; age, illness perception and knowledge about specific food disease were positively correlated with eating behavior after cholecystectomy while postcholecystectomy syndrome was negatively significantly correlated with eating behavior after cholecystectomy. The results of this study could be used for improving quality of care in patients undergoing cholecystectomy to decrease effects of postcholecystectomy syndrome. Moreover, nurses should follow up symptoms of postcholecystectomy syndrome and eating behavior after cholecystectomy. This will assist these patients to have more appropriate food eating behavior.
Keywords: Eating behavior after cholecystectomy, Illness perceptions, Postcholecystectomy syndrome, Knowledge about specific food disease, Patients with cholecystitis

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1.
Cheryklinput N, Samartkit N, Masingboon K. Factors Related to Eating Behavior after Cholecystectomy among Patients with Cholecystitis. Rama Nurs J [Internet]. 2018Feb.19 [cited 2020Apr.1];23(3):314-27. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/RNJ/article/view/86976
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บทความวิจัย

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