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This present study was a quasi-experimental research based on a two-group post test design for the purpose of studying the effect of the Premature Infant Oral Motor Intervention (PIOMI) on the transition time from tube to oral feeding and weight gain. The sample consisted of 32 preterm infants with gestational age of 31 to 34 weeks who had been admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and high risk ward between August and November, 2015. The sample was selected by purposive sampling and randomly assigned to either the control group or the experimental group. Sixteen premature infants in the experimental group received PIOMI, while the other 16 in the control group received conventional nursing care. Data collection was performed by recording the infants’ weight and the date from beginning of independent oral feeding until the infant was able to complete all the 8 feedings per day for two consecutive days. Chi-square and independent t-test were used to analyze data regarding demographic characteristics. The transition time from tube to oral feeding and weight gain were analyzed using independent t-test. The study findings showed that premature infants who received PIOMI had a statistically significant shorter transition time from tube to oral feeding than those who received conventional nursing care. However, the mean weight gain per day of the subjects in both groups was not significantly different. Based on these findings, the PIOMI could be used as a nursing practice guideline to promote the development of sucking and swallowing skills in premature infants.
Keywords : Premature Infants, Oral stimulation, Body weight, Transition time from tube to oral feeding
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บทความ ข้อมูล เนื้อหา รูปภาพ ฯลฯ ที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ในรามาธิบดีพยาบาลสาร ถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสาร หากบุคคลหรือหน่วยงานใดต้องการนำทั้งหมดหรือส่วนหนึ่งส่วนใดไปเผยแพร่หรือเพื่อกระทำการใด ใด จะต้องได้รับอนุญาตเป็นลายลักษณ์อักษรจากรามาธิบดีพยาบาลสารก่อนเท่านั้น
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