Impacts of a Training Programme for Caregivers on Their Knowledge and Skills in Providing Home-Based Care for Postoperative Colorectal Cancer Patients
Keywords:caregiver training programme, home-based care, caregiving knowledge and skills, colorectal cancer patients
Objective: To study the effectiveness of a caregiver training programme on their knowledge and skills in caring for colorectal cancer patients recovering at home after surgery.
Design: Two-group quasi-experimental research with a pretest and a posttest.
Methodology: For this study, 60 pairs of caregivers and colorectal cancer patients were recruited according to the inclusion criteria and divided into a control group (31 pairs) and experimental group (29 pairs). The control group was given standard care, whilst the experimental group received standard care and participated in the caregiver training programme. The data collecting instrument was the caregiving knowledge and skill assessment form. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, independent t-test, repeated measure ANOVA, and post hoc comparison were employed for data analysis.
Results: The majority of caregivers in this study were female (78.30%). Most were married (68.30%) and averagely 63.98 years of age (SD 13.36), and 45 percent were either the patients’ daughters or sons. The experimental group’s mean scores on knowledge and skills before discharge and two weeks after discharge were signifcantly higher than those of the control group (p < .05). An analysis of the experimental group’s performance showed signifcant differences in their mean caregiving knowledge and skill scores prior to
training participation, before the patients’ discharge, and two weeks after the patients’ discharge (p < .01; p < .01; and p < .05, respectively).
Recommendations: The caregiver training programme could increase the participating caregivers’ knowledge and skills in caring for patients before discharge and two weeks after discharge. Nurses could apply the programme to improving caregivers’ knowledge and skills in pre-discharge and home-based care
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