Effects of Health Literacy Programme on Intensive Care Unit Visitors’ Hand Hygiene Behaviour
Keywords:health literacy programme, health literacy, hand hygiene behaviour, visitors, intensive care unit
Objective: To examine how effectively a health literacy programme could improve intensive care unit visitors’ hand hygiene behaviour
Design: Two-group quasi-experimental research with a pretest and a posttest
Methodology: The participants, aged between 18 and 59, were 76 visitors to patients in an intensive care unit. The participants were equally assigned to a control group, which received standard care, and an experimental group, which received a health literacy programme. The programme was administered for two days, both to each individual and to the entire group, and was evaluated using the health literacy assessment
tool and the hand hygiene behaviour observation form. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, chi-square statistics, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and the Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: According to the findings, the experimental group’s mean health literacy score was significantly higher than the control group’s (p < .05). The experimental group also earned significantly higher mean scores on frequency and correctness of hand washing than did the control group (p < .05).
Recommendations: It is recommended that the health literacy programme be used to remind visitors to intensive care units to consistently maintain hand hygiene behaviour and quality, to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
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