ความสัมพันธ์ของความแตกฉานทางสุขภาพ ผลจากการได้รับความรู้ เกี่ยวกับสุขภาพ และอิทธิพลทางสังคม กับผลลัพธ์ทางคลินิกของผู้ป่วย โรคเบาหวานชนิดที่ 2 และ/หรือความดันโลหิตสูง

Authors

  • นภาพร วาณิชย์กุล คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล
  • สุขมาพร พึ่งผาสุก วิทยาลัยพยาบาลบรมราชชนนีนครพนม
  • ทิพา ต่อสกุลแก้ว คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล
  • เกศรินทร์ อุทริยะประสิทธิ์ คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล

Keywords:

ความแตกฉานทางสุขภาพ ผลจากการ, ได้รับความรู้เกี่ยวกับสุขภาพ, อิทธิพลทางสังคมผลลัพธ์ทางคลินิก, เบาหวานชนิดที่ 2, ความดันโลหิตสูง, health literacy, health education outcomes, social influence, clinical outcomes, type-2 diabetes and/or hypertensio

Abstract

Abstract:
Objective: To examine ways in which health literacy, health education outcomes and social ifluence were related to type-2 diabetes and/or hypertension patients’ clinical outcomes. Design: Descriptive correlational research. Methodology: The sample population consisted of 205 type-2 diabetes and/or hypertension patients in the out-patient departments of 3 tertiary hospitals in northeastern Thailand. The instruments were (i) a personal information and clinical outcome form; and (ii) a set of questionnaires for health literacy, health education outcomes and social influence. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Spearman Correlation Analysis. Results: The participants, over half of whom (57.1%) were female and whose average age was 60.8 years (SD = 12.3), had at least 2 congenital diseases but were able to keep them under good control. Less than half of the participants (38.6%) displayed a moderate level of health literacy (mean ± SD = 2.25 ± 0.65 points), a high level of health education outcomes (mean ± SD = 3.57 ± 0.43 points), a moderate level of social influence (mean ± SD = 2.53 + 0.4 points), but a low level of clinical outcomes (mean ± SD = 1.36 ± 1.5 points). The study also found that health literacy, social influence and health education outcomes had negative relationships with clinical outcomes, at statistically signifcant degrees of r = -.89, p < .01; r = -.549, p < .01; r = -.796, p < .01, respectively. That is to say, health literacy, social influence and health education outcomes were likely to contribute to the participants’ better clinical outcomes. Recommendations: It is recommended that healthcare personnel be trained to assess type-2 diabetes and/or hypertension patients’ health literacy, health education outcomes and social influence and to use the results for care planning to improve the patients’ clinical outcomes

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Published

2017-08-31

How to Cite

1.
วาณิชย์กุล น, พึ่งผาสุก ส, ต่อสกุลแก้ว ท, อุทริยะประสิทธิ์ เ. ความสัมพันธ์ของความแตกฉานทางสุขภาพ ผลจากการได้รับความรู้ เกี่ยวกับสุขภาพ และอิทธิพลทางสังคม กับผลลัพธ์ทางคลินิกของผู้ป่วย โรคเบาหวานชนิดที่ 2 และ/หรือความดันโลหิตสูง. TJNC [Internet]. 2017 Aug. 31 [cited 2022 Jul. 4];32(2):111-25. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/90332

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