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Many countries around the world; including Thailand, had overaged societies in 2021. As a consequence, this is increasing the risk possibilities of more patients having dementia; which presently is found to be around 50 million people worldwide, and continues to increase exponentially. As a result, the cost of its treatment is enormous. Therefore, prevention and focus on early treatment, with supportive treatment combined with pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapy, are very important. At present, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are widely accepted, and used due to empirical evidence confirming that it can be applied in patients with dementia; especially mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). These programs are typically low-cost and can be practiced anywhere. MBIs can delay age-related brain degeneration and slow the onset of cognitive impairment among the elderly. They can also improve depression and immunity; thus, as a result the quality of life and well-being of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is improved. For patients with dementia, MBIs are both feasible and tend to reduce agitation, depression, and improve the quality of life for patients through 3 main mechanisms: age-related cognitive capacity improvement, memory enhancement, and promotion of psychological function. Therefore, MBIs may be an alternative intervention that could be applied in the treatment of dementia patients, and should be further researched in the future.
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