The Effects of a Self-Efficacy Enhancement Program on Drinking and Cigarette Smoking Prevention Among Hearing Impaired Adolescents
Keywords:self-efficacy, risk behavior, hearing impaired adolescents
This study was a quasi-experimental study. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of a self-efficacy enhancement program on drinking and cigarette smoking prevention. The participants were hearing impaired adolescents studying in schools for the deaf, Special Education Bureau. They were divided into experimental and comparative groups of 40 people each. The experimental group participated in a self-efficacy enhancement program. The program with a period of 5 weeks was developed based on the concept of self- efficacy including enactive mastery experience, modeling, and verbal persuasion in physiological and affective states. The comparison group participated in a basic core curriculum. The outcomes of the study were evaluated after four weeks. The descriptive statistics of percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test were used for data analysis at a significant level of .05.
The results of the study found that the experimental group had the higher alcohol drinking refusal (t = 2.561, p value = .012), smoking refusal (t = 2.950, p value = .004), intention not to drink alcohol (t = 1.884, p value = .032), intention not to smoke (t = 1.836, p value = .035), and transmission of health information ability (t = 6.004, p value < .001), compared to those in the comparative group.
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