Predicting Factors of Multiple Risk Behaviors Among Male Adolescents in Lopburi Province
This predictive correlation design aimed to identify multiple risk behaviors and to examine the factors related to multiple risk behaviors among male adolescents in Lopburi province. The Theory of Triadic Influence (TTI) was used as a conceptual framework. The total sample inlcuded 318 males who were higher secondary school students. The data were collected using self-administered questionnaires including consisting of demographic data, stress, attitude towards risk behaviors, risk behavior, refusal self-efficacy, peer influence, access to media/ stimulus, family risk behaviors and family attachment questionnaires. The reliability ranged between 0.69-0.95. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression.
The results of the study revealed that the prevalence of multiple risk behaviors was 50%. The significant factors influencing multiple risk behaviors among male adolescents were attitude towards risk behaviors (AOR = 12.63, 95% CI = 6.47-24.68), risk behavior refusal low self-efficacy (AOR = 4.10, 95% CI = 2.10-8.00), peer influence (AOR = 3.04, 95% CI = 1.51-6.12), and low academic achievement (AOR = 1.95, 95% CI = 1.00-3.78). For the other variables, stress, family income, father’s education, mother’ s education, parental attachment, family risk behaviors and media access, there were no significant effects on multiple risk behaviors. The study outcome will enable authorities to understand risk behaviors and could be used to develop an efficient program, so as to prevent male adolescents from multiple risk behaviors.
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