Factors Associated with Self-Care Behavior for the Prevention of Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Registered Nurses
Keywords:basic conditioning factors, health literacy, self-care behavior, musculoskeletal disorders, registered nurses
The objectives of this descriptive correlational research were to examine the self-care behaviors to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders and the factors relating to these behaviors in registered nurses. One hundred twenty-six registered nurses working in tertiary care hospitals in Bangkok were recruited for the study by multistage randomization. Data collection tools included a General Information Questionnaire, a Work Stress Assessment Form, a Health Literacy on Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire, and a Self-Care Behavior for Prevention of Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Scale. The tools were tested for their content validity by a panel of experts and their reliability ranged between 0.87, 0.91, and 0.94, respectively. Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and Spearman rank correlation statistics.
The results showed that registered nurses engaged in self-care behaviors to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders at a moderate level (M = 103.02, SD = 12.32). The health literacy on work-related musculoskeletal disorders positively and moderately correlated to self-care behaviors with statistical significance (r = 0.588, p < .001). Other basic conditioning factors including age, hours work per week, and work stress were not correlated with self-care behaviors to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders. This research supports the need to promote health literacy among registered nurses regarding work-related musculoskeletal disorders in order to ensure their abilities to engage in self-care behavior properly.
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