Gender Sensitiveness in Nursing Practice
Keywords:gender, gender sensitiveness, health problems, nursing practice
Gender is a socially constructed concept referring to a male, a female, or any of LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersexual). Gender is related to health status at individual, familial, and social levels, and could be a factor causing a range of health problems. An international level gender is recognized as one of the social determinant of health. In Thailand, empirical evidence has identifed gender as a cause of mental health problems; physical health problems; drug, alcohol, and cigarette addiction; sexual harassment; and gender-related violence. Gender sensitiveness is, therefore, an essential qualifcation nurses should possess.
To ensure gender sensitiveness in nurses, the nursing curriculum is required to cover five major domains: 1) gender and social construction; 2) gender as a social factor indicative of health status; 3) gender-based violence; 4) abortion, contraception, and gender selection; and 5) ethical concerns. Gender sensitiveness in nursing practice generally involves 1) access to gender information; 2) respect to differences; and 3) minimisation of inequality, discrimination, prejudice, and stigmatisation.
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