Nursing Care for Covid-19 Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Keywords:Coronavirus-19 patients, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), nursingcare
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a complication commonly found in patients infected with the Coronavirus-19, is a critically severe disease caused by pulmonary infection by the SAR-CoV-2 virus. ARDS stimulates the immune system to release a large quantity of cytokines,known as a ‘cytokine storm’. The rapid increase of cytokines causes lymphocytes and neutrophils to infiltrate pulmonaryt issues,causing
a pulmonary injury or damage. Increased severity of the condition causes pulmonary inflexibility, which leads to hypoxia,a major cause of death. It is necessary, therefore, for nurses to have a proper understanding of the disease, treatment direction, and patient care methods, toensure caregiving efficiency.
The principal purpose of this article is to present a review of related literature concerning pathological mechanisms, characteristics, and severity of acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients infected with the Coronavirus-19. This article also discusses treatment and caregiving methods, which include administration of virus multiplication inhibitors, oxygentherapy, artificial respiration,and prone positioning, all of which are fundamental patient care principles aimed to maintain their respiratory function, oxygen perfusion, andreduction of symptomatic severity, complications, and mortality rates.
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