A Survey of Workforce Distribution, Workload, and Performance Outcomes of Doctorally-prepared Nurse Faculty Members in Nursing Institutions in Thailand

Authors

  • Ratjai Vachprasit
  • Wongchan Ppetpichetchian
  • Supaporn Wannasuntad
  • Yaowarat Matchim
  • Yajai Sitthimongkol

Keywords:

professional performance, nursing institutions, workforce, doctorally-prepared nurse faculty members

Abstract

          Objective: To conduct a macro-perspective survey of workforce distribution, workload, and professional performance outcomes of doctorally-prepared nurse faculty (DNF) members in three major groups of nursing institutions in Thailand: 1) research-oriented universities; 2) the Nursing College of Praboromarajchanok Institute; and 3) other nursing institutions
          Design: Survey study
Methodology: Survey questionnaires were mailed to all nursing institutions in Thailand (N = 88) to enquire about workforce distribution and the number of DNF members. Subsequently, another set of questionnaires was sent to each of the DNF members to enquire about work types, workload, and professional performance outcomes. In total, responses from 313 respondents were used for data analysis. The qualitative part of this study was conducted via in-depth interviews with 28 DNF members.
          Results: In total, there were 1,046 DNF members working in nursing educational institutions (24.5% of the entire number of nursing instructors). Research-oriented universities had the highest ratio of DNF members (53.4%), followed by other nursing institutions (19.6%) and the Nursing College of Praboromarajchanok Institute (16.8%). In terms of workload, no significant differences in researching and practicum teaching were found between the three groups of institutions. These institutions displayed a similarly high degree of emphasis on practicum teaching. However, there was significant difference of degrees of emphasis on administrative and other teaching responsibilities. In the past three years, the respondents from the three groups of institutions produced a total of 1,295 pieces of academic work, averagely one piece per person per year. The professional performance outcomes of each group was not significantly different. Internal factors (personal motivations) and external factors (institutional policies) were identified as significant factors in the respondents’ production of research studies, whilst lack of time and heavy workload were identified as major obstacles.
            Recommendations: It is advisable that nursing leaders at all levels provide DNF members with
professional support and assistance to promote good performance outcomes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Sterling YM, McNally JA. Clinical practice of doctorally prepared nurses. Clin Nurse Spec. 1999 Nov;13(6):

-302. doi: 10.1097/00002800-199911000-00013. PMID: 11188566.

Nickitas DM, Feeg V. Doubling the number of nurses with a doctorate by 2020: predicting the right number or getting it right? Nurs Econ [internet]. 2011 [cited 2021 May 4];29(3):109-12. Available from: http://www.nursingeconomics.net/necfiles/NEC_MJ_11_Editorial.pdf

Beckett DM. PhD preparation of nurse faculty and nurse scientists: do they have to be the same? Nurs Res. 2014 May-Jun;63(3):156-7. doi: 10.1097/NNR.0000000000000042. PMID: 24785243.

Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing. Position statement: doctoral education in nursing in Canada

[Internet]. Ottawa ON: Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing; 2017 [cited 2021 May 5]. Available from: https://www.casn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/ Doctoral-Education-ositionStatementEN_FINAL_Nov2017.pdf.

Srisuphan W, Senaratana W, Kunaviktikul W, Tonmukayakul O, Charoenyuth C, Sirikanokwilai N. Supply and requirement projection of professional nurses in Thailand over the next two decades (1995–2015 AD). HRDJ [internet].1998 [cited 2021 May 4];2(3):210-20. Available from: https://www.who.int/hrh/en/HRDJ_2_3_05.pdf

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Faculty shortages in baccalaureate and graduate nursing programs: Scope of the problem and strategies for expanding the supply [Internet]. Washington DC: American Association of Colleges of Nursing; 2005 [cited 2021 May 4]. Available from: https://www.aacnnursing.org/Portals/42/News/White-Papers/facultyshortage-2005.pdf.

Hinshaw AS. A continuing challenge: the shortage of educationally prepared nursing faculty. OJIN [internet]. 2001[cited 2021 May 4];6(1):3. Available from: http://ojin.nursingworld.org/MainMenu Categories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume62001/No1Jan01/ShortageofEducationalFaculty.html

Srisuphan W, Rujkorakarn D, Kongprasert P. The situation of academic institutions accreditation and approval of nursing and midwifery curriculum. JTNMC [internet]. 2008 [cited 2021 May 4];23 (4):20-5. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo. org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/2541/2369. (in Thai)

Nantsupawat R, Kunaviktikul W, Kietlertnapa P, Abhicharttibutra K, Srisuphan W. Nursing and midwifery workforce planning among nursing educational institutes in Thailand. JTNMC [internet]. 2008 [cited 2021 May 4];23(4):41-55. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/2543/2371. (in Thai)

Royal Thai Government Gazette. Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council’s Regulations on the accreditation

criteria for nursing and midwifery educational institutions 2019 [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2021 May 4]. Available from: https://www.tnmc.or.th/images/userfiles/files/2562(2).PDF. (in Thai)

Royal Thai Government Gazette. Declaration of the civil service commission in higher education institutions

on the standard of academic workload of a lecturer, assistant professor, associate professor and professor

[Internet]. 2015 [cited 2021 May 4]. Available from: http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2558/D/082/65.PDF. (in Thai)

Juntasopeepun P, Kunaviktikul W, Chintanawat R, Srisuphan W. Quality of Thailand’s PhD level nursing education. JTNMC [internet]. 2012 [cited 2021 May 4];27(2):36-50. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/5367/4712. (in Thai)

Lobo ML, Liesveld JA. Graduate nursing faculty workload in the United States. J Prof Nurs 2013 Sep-Oct;29(5):276-81. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs. 2012.10.006. PMID: 24075260.

Turale S, Klunklin A, Chontawan R. Growing together: a qualitative study of leading nurse scholars in

Thailand. Int Nurs Rev 2010;57(2):202-10. doi:10.1111/j.1466-7657.2009.00776.x.

Royal Thai Government Gazette. Declaration of the civil service commission in higher education institutions

on the standard of academic workload of a lecturer, assistant professor, associate professor and professor 2017 [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2021 May 4]. Available from: http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/

PDF/2560/E/265/43.PDF. (in Thai)

Praboromarajchanok Institute. Declaration of Praboromarajchanok Institute on regulation, process

and agreement for transforming position from civil official position to academic position [Internet]. 2020

[cited 2021 May 7]. Available from: http://www.kmpht.ac.th/kmphtadmin/web/uploads/notices/30f270c63807b3a981c34b18561b6526.pdf.

(in Thai)

Boromarajonnani College of Nursing Phayao. A list of nursing and health sciences books or textbooks for

academic year 2019 [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2021 May 7]. Available from: http://lib.bcnpy.ac.th/

ULIB6/lib_stats/stats_nbooks_WQ.php. (in Thai)

Nguyen Q. Factors Influencing the research productivity of academics at the research-oriented university in

Vietnam [Dissertation] [Internet]. Queensland: Griffith University; 2015 [cited 2021 May 4]. Available from: https://research-repository.griffith.edu.au/bitstream/handle/10072/366248/Nguyen_ 2015_02Thesis.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Lertputtarak S. An investigation of factors related to research productivity in a public university in Thailand: a case study [Dissertation] [Internet]. Melbourne: Victoria University; 2008 [cited 2021 May 4]. Available from: https://vuir.vu.edu.au/1459/1/ Lertputtarak.pdf

Jaemtim N, Sanongyard J. Factors influencing job engagement that affect on job performance of nursing

instructors of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, The Ministry of Public Health. Journal of Educational Research, Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University [internet]. 2016 [cited 2021 May 4]; 11(1):51-62. Available from: https://core.ac.uk/ download/pdf/228511076.pdf. (in Thai)

Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council. Declaration of Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council on core

competency of graduates with a bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral’s degree in nursing science, board certified

training program/certification for advanced practice nurse (APN) in nursing and midwifery, and certified nurse

specialists [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 May 4]. Available from: https://www.tnmc.or.th/images/userfiles/files/ 004.pdf. (in Thai)

Choeisuwan V, Changsila R, Sujijantorarat R, Boonrod W. Factors related to retention of nurse educators,

the Royal Thai Navy College of Nursing. JRTAN [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2021 May 4];14(1):51-60. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ JRTAN/ article/view/8723/7455. (in Thai

Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Vachprasit ร, Ppetpichetchian ว, Wannasuntad ส, Matchim เ, Sitthimongkol ย. A Survey of Workforce Distribution, Workload, and Performance Outcomes of Doctorally-prepared Nurse Faculty Members in Nursing Institutions in Thailand. TJNC [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 30 [cited 2022 Aug. 9];36(03):62-8. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/250367

Most read articles by the same author(s)