Outcomes of Mental Health Promotion Programme for Emergency Medical System Staff Working in Thailand’s Three Southernmost Border Provinces

Authors

  • Praneed Songwathna Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat-Yai Campus
  • Wipa Saesia Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat-Yai Campus
  • Emnasaree Mintrasak
  • Rusta Salae
  • Sujira Wichatdit

Keywords:

stress, happiness index, general health, EMS, three southern border provinces

Abstract

   Objective: To evaluate the impact of a mental health promotion programme on emergency medical system (EMS) staff operating in the three southernmost border provinces of Thailand
   Design: One group quasi-experimental design, with a pre-test and a post-test 
   Methodology: This study was conducted between November 2020 and March 2021 on a sample of 264 EMS staff members, consisting of: 1) EMS nurses; 2) mental health caregivers; and 3) volunteers, rescuers, and life-support providers. The staff members participated in a mental health promotion programme. The programme started with one-day on-line training on attitudinal and behavioural adjustment. It was, then, followed by a one-month training on self-performed stress management and stress relieving, supervised by 10 specially trained nursing instructors. Data on mental health status were collected using three tools: 1) the Stress
Questionnaire (SPST-20); 2) the Short-Form Happiness Index (THI-15); and 3) the General Health Questionnaire (Thai GHQ-28). The data were analysed using descriptive statistics. The comparison of the participants’ pre-intervention and post-intervention mental health status was conducted using the Wilcoxon rank signed test.
   Results: Before the intervention, the participants had displayed a moderate level of stress, a similar happiness index to the general public, and an absence of general health problems. After having taken part in the one month programme, the participants were found to exhibit a signifcantly lower level of stress (p < .001). The participants’ general health status also improved signifcantly after their completion of the programme (p < .001). However; no signifcant difference was found between the participants’ pre-intervention and post-intervention happiness index.
   Recommendations: It is suggested that this mental health care promotion programme be applied by a wide range of agencies to cover every risk area. Further studies are also recommended to design methods for long-term monitoring of the emergency staff members’ mental health status.

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Published

2022-01-31

How to Cite

1.
Songwathna P, Saesia W, Mintrasak E, Salae R, Wichatdit S. Outcomes of Mental Health Promotion Programme for Emergency Medical System Staff Working in Thailand’s Three Southernmost Border Provinces. TJNC [Internet]. 2022 Jan. 31 [cited 2022 Oct. 7];37(01):75-88. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/252075