Health Literacy and Self-Management in Older Persons Receiving Hemodialysis
Keywords:health literacy, self-management, older persons, haemodialys
Objective: To examine the levels of health literacy and self-management, and the relationship between these two factors, in older persons receiving haemodialysis
Design: Descriptive correlational study
Methodology: For this study, a total of 84 participants were recruited using the sampling-without-replacement technique; they were older persons who had terminal chronic renal disease and were receiving haemodialysis in the haemodialysis departments of four hospitals in Chiang Mai. Data were collected during June to August 2021 using a set of questionnaires consisting of the Demographic Form, Health Literacy Scale, and Self-Management Behavior Scale for older persons receiving haemodialysis. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product-moment correlation.
Results: The fndings revealed that the participants demonstrated high levels of health literacy and self-management. Also, their health literacy level had a moderate positive correlation with their self-management level, at a statistically signifcant degree (r = .55, p < .01).
Recommendations: The fndings of this study could serve as fundamentals of nursing department and other healthcare professionals to promote health literacy and self-management amongst older persons who have terminal chronic renal disease and undergo haemodialysis.
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