Comparative Study of Factors Related to Traumatic Shock Between Adult and Older Adult Injured Patients


  • Nongnuch Panhom Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University
  • Wallada Chanruangvanich Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University
  • Prangtip Chayaput Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University
  • Orapan Thosingha Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University


shock, adult and older adult injured patients, transportation time, injury severity, comorbidity


Objective: To compare between adult and older adult injured patients’ traumatic shock in relation to the factors of transportation time, severity of injury (SI), and comorbidity    

Design: Cross-sectional study      

Methodology: The sample consisted of 209 injured patients aged 18 and above, treated in a trauma and emergency department.  The research instruments were: 1) a demographic and injury history form; and 2) a record form for transportation time, injury severity score (ISS), comorbidity, shock index, and age shock index.  The data were analysed using the  Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-square, and the binary logistic regression, with the significance level set at 0.05. 

Results: The majority of the subjects (70.81%) were adults, with the leading causes of injury being falls from height (42.62%) and traffic accidents (31.75%), respectively (χ2 = 14.85, p < .01). Occurrence of traumatic shock was more common in injured older adults than in injured adults (73.77% VS 22.97%; OR = 7.67, 95% CI = 3.35-17.58, p < .01).  In most cases (69.38%), the transportation time did not exceed 60 minutes, and had no significant relationship to shock (χ2 = 2.21, p = .14).  Both the adult and older adult injured patients displayed mild degrees of injury on the ISS (55.74% VS 67.57%).  Shock was most frequent in cases with an ISS score of under 15, and significantly more common in older adults than in adults (85.71% VS 57.89%).  Comorbidity was identified as a factor more significantly related to shock in older adult than in adult injured patients (75.00% VS 33.33%).  Also, injury severity degrees were significantly related to, and also influenced, occurrence of shock (χ2 = 25.01, p < .01; OR = 4.70, 95% CI = 2.04-10.83; OR = 9.34, 95% CI = 3.37-25.87; p < .01).  Comorbidity, on the other hand, was significantly related to shock (χ2 = 16.83; p < .01) but was not found to influence it. 

Recommendations: Because age and injury severity could influence shock in older adult patients, nurses are advised to take these two factors into careful consideration to plan for appropriate caregiving.


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How to Cite

Panhom N, Chanruangvanich W, Chayaput P, Thosingha O. Comparative Study of Factors Related to Traumatic Shock Between Adult and Older Adult Injured Patients . TJNC [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 7 [cited 2022 Sep. 26];37(03):128-43. Available from: