Effect of a Cognitive Stimulating Program for Elderly People with Mild Cognitive Impairment
Keywords:Cognitive Stimulating Program, elderly people, mild cognitive impairment
This quasi-experimental research aimed to investigate the effects of a Cognitive Stimulating Program on 30 elderly persons with mild cognitive impairment. The 30 subjects qualified for six sessions of the cognitive stimulating program. Each session was performed within two hours. There was a two-week duration between each session. The data collection instruments were: 1) a General demographic questionnaire; 2) a 2-question depression questionnaire; 3) the Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (15 items); 4) the Barthel Activities of Daily Living; 5) the Mini-Mental State Examination (Thai version, 2002); and 6) the Montreal Cognitive Assessment. The research instruments No.3 - 6’s Inter-rater reliability coefficient were 0.55, 0.77, 0.69 and 0.71, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t-test.
The results showed that the mean cognitive function scores among elderly people after participating in the program (Mean = 24.28, SD = 2.95) were higher than the mean cognitive function scores before participating (Mean = 19.97, SD = 3.21), statistically significant (t = 8.64, p < .001) and the mean cognitive function scores on Complex attention, Language, and Memory after participating in the program were significantly higher than the mean cognitive function scores before participating (t = 4.00, p < .001), (t = 4.61, p < .001), (t = 6.79, p < .001), respectively.
The Cognitive Stimulating Program for elderly people with mild cognitive impairment should be implemented to promote cognitive function and reduce the risk of dementia in the future.
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