Factors Related to Self-Care Behaviors for Preventing Osteoporosis Among Elderly People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases

Authors

  • Puntipa Thuamthai Student in Master of Nursing Science Adult and Gerontological Nursing, Srisavarindhira Thai Red Cross Institute of Nursing
  • Johnphajong Phengjard Department of Adult and Gerontological Nursing, Srisavarindhira Thai Red Cross Institute of Nursing

Keywords:

factors, elderly people, self-care behaviors, osteoporosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Abstract

               This descriptive correlational research aims to describe self-care behaviors for preventing osteoporosis and factors related to self-care behaviors for preventing osteoporosis in elderly people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The sample comprised 88 elderly people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receiving care at the Outpatient Department, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, The Thai Red Cross Society. The sample was recruited using purposive sampling. The data collection tools consisted of a Personal Information Questionnaire, a Family Support Questionnaire, a Perceived Susceptibility to Osteoporosis Questionnaire, a Health Literacy with Osteoporosis Questionnaire, and a Osteoporosis Preventive Behavior Questionnaire. The tools were tested for their content validity by a panel of experts. Their CVI values were 1.00, 1.00, 0.94 and 1.00, respectively. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were at .86, .80, .81 and .88, respectively.  Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation was used to analyze the data.

              The research results were as follows: the mean of self-care behaviors for preventing osteoporosis was at a moderate level of 50 % (M = 77.38, SD = 8.76). Perceived susceptibility to osteoporosis was significantly low and positively correlated with self-care behaviors for preventing osteoporosis (r = .256, p = .016). The health literacy with osteoporosis was significantly moderate and positively correlated with self-care behaviors for preventing osteoporosis (r = .410, p < .001). The family support was not correlated with self-care behaviors for preventing osteoporosis (r = .094, p = .396). The results suggest that health services in promoting self-care behaviors for preventing osteoporosis among elderly people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should emphasize on providing information regarding perceived susceptibility to osteoporosis and promoting health literacy about osteoporosis.

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Published

2022-07-06

Issue

Section

บทความวิจัย (Research Report)