Development of an Ergonomic Self-Care Program for Aged Vendors

Authors

  • Kanokwan Hounsri Prince of Songkla University
  • พัชรี คมจักรพันธุ์
  • แสงอรุณ อิสระมาลัย

Keywords:

self-care, ergonomic, older vendors, low back pain, knee osteoarthritis

Abstract

Abstract:
      Objective: To develop an ergonomic self-care programme and test the feasibility of promoting it amongst older vendors.
     Design: Developmental research.
     Methodology: The programme was developed in two stages. The frst stage of the development involved three steps: (1) an analysis of existing bodies of knowledge and of older vendors’ work-induced illness situations; (2) research on and critical appraisal of empirical evidence; and (3) designing of ergonomic self-care activities by integrating the knowledge synthesised from the empirical evidence with a self-care promotion process and risk management guidelines. The second stage was for examination of the programme’s qualifcations in terms of content validity and practicability.
     Results: The developed programme consisted of necessary self-care activities, namely,proper ergonomic working postures, appropriate management of working environment, and muscle-strengthening exercise. The programme, which continued for eight weeks, required both individual and group participation in seven components: (1) identifcation of job hazards;(2) basic education on knee osteoarthritis and low back pain in older adults, proper ergonomic working postures and appropriate management of working environment, to reduce disease severity; (3) prioritisation of risks; (4) designing ergonomic management methods; (5)
setting self-care goals and plans; (6) implementation; and (7) workplace visits. The results of the content validity check confrmed the programme’s conformity to its objectives and conceptual framework. In terms of practicability, the ergonomic self-care programme and the programme training session were practical for the older vendors’ context. The media used to provide exercise guidelines, however, was diffcult for the older vendors to comprehend and, therefore, needed to be simplifed.
     Recommendations: It is recommended that the effcacy of the programme be studied in the target population in order to assess health-related changes in relation to self-care methods, pain levels, and severity of diseases.

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Author Biography

Kanokwan Hounsri, Prince of Songkla University

Thailand Citation Index Centre

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Published

2020-07-17

How to Cite

1.
Hounsri ก, คมจักรพันธุ์ พ, อิสระมาลัย แ. Development of an Ergonomic Self-Care Program for Aged Vendors. TJNC [Internet]. 2020 Jul. 17 [cited 2022 Aug. 14];35(3):108-20. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/241085

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