Grandchildren-Raising Burden of Older People in Skipped-Generation Families

  • Kerdsiri Hongthai Faculty of Nursing, Vongchavalitkul University, Nachon Ratchasima
  • Darunee Jongudomkarn
Keywords: burden, grandchildren raising, older people, skipped-generation families, phenomenological study

Abstract

Objective: To examine older people’s experience in raising their grandchildren in skipped-generation families
Design: Interpretive phenomenological study
Methodology: This study was conducted on 40 purposively sampled informants who were older people raising their grandchildren in skipped-generation families. The informants were recruited based on the inclusion criteria. Data were collected in three districts of Nakhon Ratchasima province for a period of 8 months, from February to September 2019, by means of in-depth interviews, non-participatory observation, and feld records. The data were analysed using Diekelmann & Allen’s seven-step method and subjected to a reliability check.
Results: Eight major types of experience were identifed by the informants: 1) struggle; 2) working fngers to the bone; 3) sleeplessness; 4) endless work despite age; 5) health deterioration; 6) suffering worse illnesses during grandchildren’s ailments; 7) stressinduced depression; and 8) endless rearing duty. The majority of the informants were faced with both physical and mental diffculties caused by the heavy and numerous responsibilities in raising their grandchildren. At the same time, the older people made all efforts to maintain
the families, due to their love and affection for their children and grandchildren.
Recommendations: It is recommended that nurses provide proactive care for older people raising their grandchildren in skipped-generation families, conduct regular assessments of their physical and mental health, and provide them with other types of necessary care.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Goodman CC, Silverstein M. Grandmothers raising grandchildren: Ethnic and racial differences in wellbeing among custodial and coparenting families. J Fam Iss 2006; 27(11): 1605–26.

Bengtson VL. Skipped generation households in Asia: solidarity and conflict. The Gerontological Society of America. The Gerontologist 2016; 56(3): 42.

United Nations Population Fund Thailand. The impact of demographic change in Thailand. Office of the National Economic and Social Commission. Bangkok; 2016. (in Thai)

Prachoubmoa W. Project for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the plan The National Elderly, 2nd Edition (2002 - 2021) Phase 2 (2007-2011). Presentation at the 2014 Academic Conference, Offce of the Promotion and

Protection of the Underprivileged Children and Youth and Elderly. Bangkok; 2014. (in Thai)

Phuphaibul R, Kumhom R, Jongudomkarn D, Wacharasin C, Neamsup T, Dachakup J, et al. Integrative Thai family study based on family life cycle. Nakhonprathom: Putcharaporn Phutthamonthon; 2019. (in Thai)

Teanlai K, Hutapat W. The situation of raising children in the skipped-generations family in Thailand. Mahidol University; 2015. (in Thai)

Musil CM, Jeanblanc AB, Burant CJ, Zauszniewski JA, Warner CB. Longitudinal analysis of resourcefulness, family strain, and depressive symptoms in grandmother caregivers. Nurs Outlook 2013; 61(4): 225-34.

Blustein J, Chan S, Guanais FC. Elevated depressive symptoms among care giving grandparents. Health Serv R 2004; 39: 1671–89.

Hayslip BJ, Smith G. Resilient grandparent caregivers: a strengths-based perspective. New York: Routledge; 2013.

Pilkauskas NV, Dunifon RE. Understanding grandfamilies: characteristics of grandparents, nonresident parents, and children. J Marriage and Fam 2016; 78(3): 623-33.

Sloan A, Bowe B. Phenomenology and hermeneutic phenomenology: the philosophy, the methodologies, and using hermeneutic phenomenology to investigate lecturers’ experiences of curriculum design. Quality & Quantity 2014; 48: 1291–303.

Diekelmann N, Allen D. A hermeneutic analysis of the NLN’s criteria for the appraisal of the baccalaureate programs. National League for Nursing, New York;1989.

Guba EG, Lincoln YS. Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In: Denzin NK, Lincoln YS., Eds., Qualitative research, Sage Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks; 1994; 105-17.

Nuntamungkolchai S, Mansavangsap C, Tachabunsermsak P, Paowattana A. Research report on the happiness and way of life of female elders raising grandchildren in rural areas of Northern Thailand. Bangkok: Withoon Printing Co., Ltd.(1997); 2010. (in Thai)

Jongudomkarn D, Phuphaibul R, Neamsup T. Isan family well-being: suffering and happiness on poverty. Journal of Nursing Science & Health 2019; 42(2): 62-73. (in Thai)

Minkler M, Fuller-Thomson E, Miller D, Driver D. African American grandparents raising grandchildren: a national study using the Census 2000 American Community Survey. J Geront Psyc Sci Soc 2005; 60(2): 82-92.

Potts NL, Mandleco BL. Pediatric nursing: caring for children and their families. United States of America. Delmar Thomson Learning; 2002.

Hayslip B, Kaminski PL. Grandparents raising their grandchildren: a review of the literature and suggestions for practice. Gerontologist 2005; 45(2): 262–9.

Whitley DM, Kelley SJ, Lamis DA. Depression, social support, and mental health: a longitudinal medication analysis in African custodial grandmothers. J Aging Hum Dev 2016; 82: 87-166.

Ketpichayawattana C, Wiwatwanich S. Violence in Thai Elderly: a review of knowledge and the current situation. Bangkok: Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute; 2009. (in Thai)

Champaguy A. The effect on the children in the family that the parents were migrated. Research Institute of Population and Society, Mahidol University; 2014. (in Thai)

Published
2020-12-29
How to Cite
1.
Hongthai K, Jongudomkarn D. Grandchildren-Raising Burden of Older People in Skipped-Generation Families. TJNC [nternet]. 2020Dec.29 [cited 2021Dec.5];36(1):71-8. vailable from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/TJONC/article/view/242677