Factors Predicting Family Caregiver's Strain from Care Activities for Bed-Bound Older Adults at Home
Objective: To examine factors capable of predicting caregivers’ strain caused by caregiving activities for bed-bound older adults at home
Design: Predictive research Methodology: Purposive sampling was performed to recruit a sample of 117 family caregivers aged 18 and higher who serve as primary caregiver for bedridden older persons. Data were collected between June and October 2019 using these instruments: 1) a demographic questionnaire; 2) a health perception questionnaire; 3) the Preparedness for Caregiving Scale; 4) the Mutuality Scale; 5) a Social Support Questionnaire; and 6) the Caregiving Activities Scale. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Spearman’s Rho correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis.
Results: Age, perceived income adequacy, health status, preparedness, mutuality, and social support could be jointly predicted caregiver role strain from caregiving activities for bed bound older adults with statistical significance by 31.9% (R2 = .319, F = 8.574, p < .05). The caregivers’ health status was identified as the most powerful predictor (Beta = -.285, p = .001), over the caregivers’ preparedness (Beta = -.254, p = .002), age (Beta = .220, p = .008), and adequacy of income (Beta = -.214, p = .014), respectively. On the other hand, mutuality and social support were unable to predict strain caused by caregiving activities for bed-bound older adults.
Recommendations: The findings of this study could be used by healthcare providers as a guideline for promoting family caregivers’ health and preparedness, for the purpose of reducing their strain from caregiving activities and enabling them to provide better care for older adults at home.
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