Rituximab Treatment for Paraneoplastic Pemphigus Associated with Follicular B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of Treatment Outcome

Main Article Content

Waranaree Winayanuwattikun
Leena Chularojanamontri
Papapit Tuchinda
Penvadee Pattanaprichakul
Kanokvalai Kulthanan

Abstract

Objective: To report a case of paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP), a rare disease, associated with follicular B-cell lymphoma. Treatment outcomes of PNP associated with follicular B-cell lymphoma following rituximab treatment were also reviewed in this article.
Case presentation: We reported a PNP patient presenting with intractable stomatitis and erythema multiforme-like lesions. Skin biopsy from erythema multiforme-liked lesion revealed interface dermatitis and necrotic keratinocytes. Direct immunofluorescence demonstrated immunoglobulin G deposition at intercellular space, as well as complement deposition at dermo-epidermal junction. Indirect immunofluorescence using rat bladder substrate was helpful in confirming the diagnosis of PNP. Further investigations revealed an underlying disease of follicular B-cell lymphoma. He was treated with rituximab and systemic corticosteroids. Improvement of mucocutaneous lesions and lymphoma were noted. Nevertheless, he developed hospital-acquired pneumonia and died from septic shock shortly after receiving conventional chemotherapy. His survival duration was approximately 8 months after diagnosis of PNP.
Conclusion: It seemed that rituximab might provide promising benefits for mucocutaneous lesions in PNP patients associated with follicular B-cell lymphoma.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Winayanuwattikun, W., Chularojanamontri, L., Tuchinda, P., Pattanaprichakul, P., & Kulthanan, K. (2018). Rituximab Treatment for Paraneoplastic Pemphigus Associated with Follicular B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of Treatment Outcome. Siriraj Medical Journal, 70(6), 523–528. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/sirirajmedj/article/view/163206
Section
Case Report

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>