Epidemiology of Human Rabies in Thailand, B.E.2546-2550 (2003-2007 AD)

Main Article Content

Teerasak Chuxnum
Prawit Choomkasien
Prasert Thongcharoen

Abstract

In Thailand, rabies remains an important zoonotic disease due to its lethality in humans. Although the numbers of
human rabies cases have been steadily decreasing over the past ten years, the epidemiological situation has started to change.
Assessment of human rabies was based on the national infectious disease surveillance system from B.E. 2546-2550. There were
106 cumulative cases distributed in all four regions of Thailand. The highest mortality rates were found in the Central and
Southern regions. Dogs were the main reservoir with the highest percentage found in puppies younger than 3 months (45%).
Most of the causal dogs, and 61% of the dogs with owners had not received Rabies vaccination each year. The data strongly
revealed that most of the human rabies cases did not receive rabies vaccine after the animal contact or bite. Prevention and
control strategies should focus especially on the regions and provinces which had the highest number of cases, or on those
regions which continue to have incident cases each year. It is also essential to set up a better control of the animal population
which can potentially infect humans.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chuxnum, T. ., Choomkasien, P. ., & Thongcharoen, P. . (2020). Epidemiology of Human Rabies in Thailand, B.E.2546-2550 (2003-2007 AD). Siriraj Medical Journal, 63(3), 89–91. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/sirirajmedj/article/view/240918
Section
Original Article

References

1. Division of Epidemiology, Ministry of Public Health. Annual summary 1981. Bangkok, Division of Epidemiology; 1982.
2. Bureau of Epidemiology, Ministry of Public Health. Communicable disease case definition. 2nd ed. Nonthaburi, Bureau of Epidemiology; 2003.