A Comparative Study of Portable Monitors (CoaguCheck®XS) for International Normalized Ratio (INR)

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Voraporn Poomlek
Wanut Chaitree
Punnarerk Thongcharoen
Pradit Panchavinnin
Nisarat Opartkiattikul

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy and precision of INR determination of CoaguCheck® XS compared to the standard laboratory method among patients with long-term warfarin therapy.
Methods: 39 patients receiving long-term warfarin were eligible in this study. Parallel INR measurements were performed. Capillary INR (INR_C) measurements were determined with CoaguCheck® XS and venous INR (INR_V) were determined with standard laboratory methods.
Results: We found an excellent correlation coefficient (r2 = 0.968, 95%CI = 0.82 - 0.99) between INR_V and INR_C among 39 patients receiving long-term warfarin. The mean difference between the two methods was 0.16 (p<0.0001). Although these differences were statistically significant, they were not clinically significant. In 97.4% of the INR parallel measurements the differences between the two methods were within 0.5 INR units. The Bland-Altman difference plot showed greater variation with increasing mean INR values. The coefficient of variation of CoaguCheck® XS was 1.07%.
Conclusion: The CoaguCheck® XS was comparable in accuracy to a standard laboratory method. Its precision was good. It might be a suitable alternative to monitor INR values among patients receiving oral anticoagulants by increasing patient compliance with INR monitoring, and facilitating more frequent INR monitoring especially in highly educated patients.

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How to Cite
Poomlek, V. ., Chaitree, W. ., Thongcharoen, P. ., Panchavinnin, P., & Opartkiattikul, N. . (2008). A Comparative Study of Portable Monitors (CoaguCheck®XS) for International Normalized Ratio (INR). Siriraj Medical Journal, 60(1), 10–13. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/sirirajmedj/article/view/246293
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Original Article