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Lymphedema can cause by a congenital anomaly, an infectious disease, chronic inflammation, connective tissue disease, and cancer. The most common presenting symptoms are swelling of the affected limb, difficulty wearing clothes, and disturbances to daily life activities. Most of the time, patients have a high chance of developing a soft tissue infection that will jeopardize the quality of their life and socioeconomic status. As to management of the disease, it necessary to make a precise diagnosis and clinico-pathological staging in order to guide the treatment plan and yield optimum results. Currently, surgical management for lymphedema is based on the use of 1) physiological treatment, and 2) reductive or ablative procedures. Conservative treatment (especially for complete decongestive therapy) is still the mainstay for the management of lymphedema.
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