Clinical Efficacy Test of Polyester Dressing Containing Herbal Extracts and Silver Sulfadiazine Cream Compared with Silver Sulfadiazine Cream in Healing Burn Wounds: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

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Suttipong Tianwattanatada
Nantaporn Namviriyachote
Kusuma Chinaroonchai
Natthida Owattanapanich
Harikrishna K.R. Nair
Pornprom Muangman

Abstract

The standard burn wound treatment is the application of silver zinc sulfadiazine cream, covered with sterilized gauze dressing. This method has been used for decades because of its reasonable costs and applicability for larger wound sizes. However, gauze with a large pore size may stick to the wound bed and cause wound trauma, leading to delayed healing. The patient may also experience additional pain during changing the dressing. The non-adherent property of a hydrocolloid dressing coated with herbal extract (SIHERB) can promote wound healing as well as reduce pain.


This study compared the two methods of burn wound treatment in the same patients, who were split into a “treatment group”, who were applied both silver sulfadiazine cream and hydrocolloid dressing, and “control group”, who were applied only silver sulfadiazine cream. The studied outcomes were the number of days for wound closure, the percentage epithelialization, and the pain score (evaluated every three days until epithelialization was completed). In total, 24 patients at the Burn Clinic, Siriraj Hospital were enrolled on this study. The starting wound areas were ranged from 210–220 cm2. The treatment group exhibited significant results regarding faster wound healing, referring to the number of days taken for wound closure (18 days in the control group vs. 15 days in the experimental group) and the percentage epithelialization compared to the control group. The average pain score in the experimental group was also lower on days 9, 12, and 15 after treatment (p < 0.05). No adverse effects were observed during the study.


In conclusion, the combination of hydrocolloid dressing and silver sulfadiazine cream could reduce the wound shearing force and wound bed injury, accelerating the rate of wound closure and decreasing the pain during changing the dressing. This technique could improve upon the standard burn wound treatment.

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How to Cite
Tianwattanatada, S. ., Namviriyachote, N. ., Chinaroonchai, K. ., Owattanapanich, N. ., Nair, H. K. ., & Muangman, P. (2021). Clinical Efficacy Test of Polyester Dressing Containing Herbal Extracts and Silver Sulfadiazine Cream Compared with Silver Sulfadiazine Cream in Healing Burn Wounds: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial. Siriraj Medical Journal, 73(11), 752–757. https://doi.org/10.33192/Smj.2021.97
Section
Original Article

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