Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) at National Referral Hospital in Indonesia

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Wulyo Rajabto
Ary Harryanto Reksodiputro
Ikhwan Rinaldi
Hilman Tadjoedin
Dimas Priantono
Yohana Kusuma Angkasa


Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome and BCR-ABL fusion oncogene. CML is one of the illnesses that may be treated using Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs), a type of targeted therapy. Since TKIs are the standard of therapy, long-term survival of CML has improved compared to chemotherapy and interferon-alpha. For the first-line treatment for CML, there are four commercially available TKIs that serve as an integral part of the disease management. However, there are many challenges in diagnosing, treating, and monitoring patients with chronic phase CML in Indonesia. This study highlights the epidemiology data of chronic phase CML patients, particularly at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, an Indonesian national referral hospital, and how to diagnose, select first-line TKIs, and monitor the response of treatment after TKIs administration.


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Rajabto, W. ., Reksodiputro, A. H. ., Rinaldi, I. ., Tadjoedin, H. ., Priantono, D. ., & Angkasa, Y. K. . (2022). Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) at National Referral Hospital in Indonesia. Siriraj Medical Journal, 74(8), 530–536.
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